Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem. Aussie Rules oder einfach auch nur Australian Football ist eine Football-Art, die nicht mit dem American Football oder Rugby zu verwechseln ist, obwohl es dem. Aussie rules Croatia. Gefällt Mal · 75 Personen sprechen darüber. Službena Facebook stranica SANH-a i hrvatske reprezentacije | Official FB page of.
RegelkundeAustralian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem. Aussie Rules oder einfach auch nur Australian Football ist eine Football-Art, die nicht mit dem American Football oder Rugby zu verwechseln ist, obwohl es dem. Aussie rules Croatia. Gefällt Mal · 75 Personen sprechen darüber. Službena Facebook stranica SANH-a i hrvatske reprezentacije | Official FB page of.
Aussie Rules AFL 2020 (Australia): Overview VideoWatch the best moments of the season - 2018 - AFL
Seitdem gab es jährlich ein Spiel zwischen diesen beiden Teams. Jedoch dürften die in der Partie benutzten Regeln nicht mehr viele Gemeinsamkeiten mit der heutigen Form von Australian Football haben, da Wills nie die Regeln niederschrieb.
Niedergeschrieben am In den Regeln von fehlten einige Regularien, die sehr bald wichtige Elemente des Spiels wurden, wie zum Beispiel das Prellen des Balls während des Rennens.
Wills besuchte, wie auch W. Hammersley und J. Thompson, die Universität von Cambridge. Es wird ebenfalls häufig gesagt, dass Wills teilweise von den Ballspielen der indigenen Aborigines in West Victoria inspiriert wurde.
Dies scheint dem high marking im Australian Football zu entsprechen. Obwohl es auch flüchtigen bzw. Der Historiker B.
Das Prellen, der Schuss im Lauf und das Fausten bzw. In den Tropen wird während der Regenzeit von Oktober bis März gespielt. Vorsaisonale Wettbewerbe in Südaustralien beginnen üblicherweise Ende Februar.
Die meisten haben eine jährliche, semiprofessionelle Vereinsmeisterschaft, während andere mehr als eine Meisterschaft ausrichten.
Lokale, semiprofessionelle oder Amateur- Organisationen und Wettbewerbe sind meistens ihren Länderorganisationen angegliedert. Des Weiteren gibt es einige Verbände, die Amateurligen rund um die Welt betreuen.
So wird vom kleinen Gewinner gesprochen, wenn der erste der Tabelle gemeint ist. Der Titel selbst hat jedoch keine oder nur geringe Bedeutung.
Die Meisterschaft wird immer in einer Finalserie entschieden. Teams auf den vorderen Tabellenplätzen spielen in einem doppelten K.
Die beiden erfolgreichsten Teams treffen im Finale Grand Final aufeinander, indem die Meisterschaft entschieden wird. Der Gewinner erhält den Meisterpokal.
Das Spiel wird nur in Australien professionell gespielt und ist dort die populärste Zuschauersportart. Article Contents.
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External Websites. See Article History. Alternative Titles: Australian football, Melbourne rules football, Victorian rules football. Britannica Quiz.
Sports Firsts Through the Ages Quiz. The sport reached Queensland as early as , and experienced a period of dominance there,  but, like in New Zealand and areas of New South Wales north of the Riverina , it struggled to thrive, largely due to the spread of rugby football with British migration, regional rivalries and the lack of strong local governing bodies.
In the case of Sydney , denial of access to grounds, the influence of university headmasters from Britain who favoured rugby, and the loss of players to other codes inhibited the game's growth.
In , delegates from six of the wealthiest VFA clubs— Carlton , Essendon , Fitzroy , Geelong, Melbourne and South Melbourne —met to discuss the formation of a breakaway professional competition.
The VFL's popularity grew rapidly as it made several innovations, such as instituting a finals system, reducing teams from 20 to 18 players, and introducing the behind as a score.
While scratch matches were played by Australian " diggers " in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.
Some clubs and competitions never fully recovered. Between and , a proposed hybrid code of Australian football and rugby league , the predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland, was trialed without success.
In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war. VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
The role of the Australian National Football Council ANFC was primarily to govern the game at a national level and to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.
The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia , the first national club competition, which commenced in and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.
The last match was played in , with North Adelaide being the last non-Victorian winner in Between and , the ANFC, and later the Australian Football Championships AFC ran a night series , which invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in a knock-out tournament parallel to the premiership seasons, which Victorian sides still dominated.
With the lack of international competition, state representative matches were regarded with great importance. The Australian Football Council co-ordinated regular interstate carnivals, including the Australasian Football Jubilee , held in Melbourne in to celebrate the game's semicentenary.
State of Origin rules, introduced in , stipulated that rather than representing the state of their adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited in.
This instantly broke Victoria's stranglehold over state titles and Western Australia and South Australia began to win more of their games against Victoria.
The term " Barassi Line ", named after VFL star Ron Barassi , was coined by scholar Ian Turner in to describe the "fictitious geographical barrier" separating large parts of New South Wales and Queensland which predominately followed the two rugby codes from the rest of the country, where Australian football reigned.
The way the game was played had changed dramatically due to innovative coaching tactics, with the phasing out of many of the game's kicking styles and the increasing use of handball; while presentation was influenced by television.
In , in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to Sydney and became known as the Sydney Swans.
In the late s, due to the poor financial standing of many of the Victorian clubs, and a similar situation existing in Western Australia in the sport, the VFL pursued a more national competition.
Two more non-Victorian clubs, West Coast and Brisbane , joined the league in To protect these revenues the VFL granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep the expansion clubs competitive.
Each club was required to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based clubs to survive. Following the emergence of the AFL, state leagues were quickly relegated to a second-tier status.
State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals. State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players.
The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand,  followed by China. The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, cricket grounds are often used.
No more than 18 players of each team or, in AFL Women's 16 players are permitted to be on the field at any time.
Up to four interchange reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game. In Australian rules terminology , these players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline.
Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.
In addition, some leagues have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.
There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.
However, a typical on-field structure consists of six forwards , six defenders or "backmen" and six midfielders , usually two wingmen , one centre and three followers , including a ruckman , ruck-rover and rover.
Only four players from each team are allowed within the centre square 50 metres or 55 yards at every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.
There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
A game consists of four-quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration. At the professional level, each quarter consists of 20 minutes of play, with the clock being stopped for instances such as scores, the ball going out of bounds or at the umpire's discretion, e.
Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. The umpire signals time-off to stop the clock for various reasons, such as the player in possession being tackled into stagnant play.
Time resumes when the umpire signals time-on or when the ball is brought into play. Stoppages cause quarters to extend approximately 5—10 minutes beyond the 20 minutes of play.
The official game clock is available only to the timekeeper s , and is not displayed to the players, umpires or spectators.
The only public knowledge of game time is when the timekeeper sounds a siren at the start and end of each quarter.
Coaching staff may monitor the game time themselves and convey information to players via on-field trainers or substitute players.
Broadcasters usually display an approximation of the official game time for television audiences, although some will now show the exact time remaining in a quarter.
Games are officiated by umpires. Before the game, the winner of a coin toss determines which directions the teams will play to begin.
Australian football begins after the first siren , when the umpire bounces the ball on the ground or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poor , and the two ruckmen typically the tallest players from each team battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.
This is known as the ball-up. Certain disputes during play may also be settled with a ball-up from the point of contention.
If the ball is kicked or hit from a ball-up or boundary throw-in over the boundary line or into a behind post without the ball bouncing, a free kick is paid for out of bounds on the full.
A free kick is also paid if the ball is deemed by the umpire to have been deliberately carried or directed out of bounds. If the ball travels out of bounds in any other circumstances for example, contested play results in the ball being knocked out of bounds a boundary umpire will stand with his back to the infield and return the ball into play with a throw-in , a high backwards toss back into the field of play.
The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist called a handball or handpass or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.
Once a player takes possession of the ball he must dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it.
Any other method of disposal is illegal and will result in a free kick to the opposing team. This is usually called "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing".
If the ball is not in the possession of one player it can be moved on with any part of the body. Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball unless the umpire rules no prior opportunity for disposal.
The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.
If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tackle , the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.
Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.
Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled. There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand.
The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is the drop punt , where the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air.
Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt , where the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of an American football punt , and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.
There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.
It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground. This is known as a "grubber".
Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right. Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in , the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.
A goal , worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.
The two post behind are also 6. The ball is made from leather and forms an oval shape similar to a rugby ball. Other markings on the pitch include a goal square that is 9 metres wide and spanning with width of the goals posts, centre square and centre circle.
Each team will consist of 18 players of which are all assigned to different positions. These players are allowed to move freely on the pitch.
Once a starting player gets substituted these players then become rolling.